The History

A patient history helps to determine any symptoms the individual is experiencing, when they began, the presence of any general heath problems, medications taken and occupational or environmental conditions that may be affecting vision. Your whole body is connected. We want to know all about your health and social habits in order to evaluate your eye health to the fullest.

Visual Acuity

This is the test were we have you read the eye chart with each eye, giving us a starting point. The result of this test are written in a fraction form. When testing distance vision, the top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done, twenty feet. The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet of a letter that should be seen at 40 feet in order to see it clearly. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.

Entrance Testing

There are a battery of tests we perform to assess the health of your eyes. We examine your pupils for proper function. We observe how your eyes move, focus and react together as a team. We test your peripheral vision. We assess your color vision and your binocularity. We also take several measurements, such as curvature of your cornea


”Which is better 1 or 2?” Refraction is conducted to determine the appropriate lens power needed to compensate for any refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism). Don’t worry, there are no wrong answers, we are looking for consistency with your responses.

Slit Lamp Biomicroscope

Using the illuminated microscope we magnify and view stereoscopically all the structures of your eye checking the health from the front to the back parts of the eye, including the cornea, eyelids and conjunctiva.

Eye Pressure Test

This test allows us to measure the intraocular pressure of each eye. Anyone with eye pressure greater than 22 mm Hg is at an increased risk of developing glaucoma, although many people with normal pressure also develop glaucoma.


This is the most important part of your eye health exam. We use drops that allow us to see into the back of your eye, and we use a hand held lens to examine the retina. These drops make you blurry at near and make you light sensitive for 3-4 hours.
At the completion of the examination, the doctor of optometry assesses and evaluates the data to establish a diagnosis (or diagnoses) and formulate a treatment and management plan. In some cases, referral for consultation with or treatment by another doctor of optometry, the patient’s primary care physician, or another health care provider may be indicated.